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Indonesia Environmental Health Specialist Association - EHSA
EHSA INDONESIA IN BRIEF
Environmental health is an emerging science, technology, practices, and movement towards better human health to live in supportive environment. As in many other countries, in Indonesia environmental health intially dealt with classic basic sanitation and infectious diseases. The first Epidemic Act (Epidemie Ordonantie, Staatsbald No. 299) passed in 1911, and was then substituted by Indonesian Act No. 6 of 19962 regarding Epidemy based on previous Sea Quarantine Act No. 1 of 1992 and Air Quarantine Act No. 2 of 1992. The 1962 Epidemic Act aimed at protecting human health from major infections at that time i.e. typhus abdominalis, paratyphi A, B, and C, bacilli dysentry, hepatitis, para cholera Eltor, diphteria, meningitis, poliomyelitis, and other diseases as defined by Ministry of Health under Health Provision Act No. 9 of 1960.
Dealing with infectious diseases, on 5 September 1955 a group of health officials from Ministry of Health established Indonesian Association of Health Controler (Ikatan Kontrolier Kesehatan Indonesia, IKKI). Later, on 12 April 1980 in Bandung this association was developed to Indonesian Association of Environmental Health (Himpunan Ahli Kesehatan Lingkungan Indonesia, HAKLI). In practice, HAKLI focuses on sanitarian field and its membership is limited to Ministry of Health staffs and alumni of environmental health diploma (certificate) of health polytechniques. So far, however, continuing professional develepment – as required by laws and regulation – have not been applied.
Nowdays, environmental health problems become more complex that require appropriate professionalism to resolve. New emerging and re-emerging diseases are jeopardized by modern health risk factors as a result of uncontrolled exploitation of natural resources, compliance with high standard of life demand, population and eco¬nomic growth, consumerism, and unhealthy life¬style. In response to these challenges, a group of active minority among academics at Faculty of Public Health of Universitas Indonesia (FPH-UI) took initiative to establish a professional organization. Professional education as continuing of, but split from, academic education had first been discoursed in the 1998 national undergraduate curriculum workshop of FPH-UI, but it was not respected satisfactorily until 10 years later when international community responded in 2008.
EHSA Indonesia is national registered environmental health professional organization and full council member of IFEH since 2008. After intensive meetings in Semarang (Undip), Jakarta (UI), and Makassar (Unhas) for consolidation, and under technical assistance of Asia-Pacific chapter IFEH, EHSA has successfully held first national congress and International Seminar on Environmental Health Professional Challenges in the 21st Century in Surabaya, 12 – 14 December 2008. Hosted by FPH-Unair, the congress has elected Bambang Wispriyono (the Dean of FPH-UI), H. J. Mukono (Professor and Dean, FPH-Unair), Nur Endah Wahyuningsih (Head, Environmental Health Department, FPH-Undip) as President, President Elect, and Secretary General, respectively. It firstly participated in the IFEH AGM in Singapore on 18 – 19 July 2009 when World Environmental Health Day was agreed to be launched in Indonesia.
No more than 15 months after establishment, EHSA received a grant from Indonesian Ministry of National Education to hold International Seminar and Workshop on Research Paper Writing and Publication in Bogor 11 – 13 October 2009. Bernard J. Forteath (then IFEH President) and Tjepy F. Alowie (Director, National Agency for Profession Certification, BNSP) gave keynote speech, while Professor Wah Yun Low (Editor-in-Chief, Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health) and Professor Nasrin Kodim (Editor-in-Chief, Indonesian Kesmas Journal of Public Health) provided practical assistance in research paper writing.
Other achievements were membership system, environmental health body of knowledge and standard competency (Semarang, 1 – 2 October 2010; Medan, 30 June – 1 July 2011) and formation of Indonesian Collegiums of Environmental Health (ICEH) (Jakarta, 24 March 2011). During Semarang meeting, EHSA has also provided its expertise in Environmental Management System ISO:14000 training for industries in Central Java. With respect to the competency, EHSA has applied to Indonesian Council of Health Workforce (Majelis Tenaga Kesehatan Indonesia, MKTI) of Ministry of Health for registering, recognizing, and licensing environmental health specialist. Tri Joko (Vice Chair, ICEH; Head, FPH-Undip Environmental Head Department) has very energetically prepared competency assessment portfolio for environmental health specialist certification in a particular discipline (such as health quarantine; food safety; industrial health, environment, and safety; health risk assessment) for one who wish to be eligible to register to MKTI for professional practice license. EHSA in now preparing qualified assessors for this assessment.
Last but not least, in 2011 EHSA hosted IFEH AGM in Bali when World Environmental Health Day (WEHD) was firstly launched. Prior to WEHD proclamation on 26 September 2011, environmental health students across Indonesia held a National Congress and International Summit of Environmental Health Students at Udayana University in Bali, 24 – 26 September 2011. It was Abdur Rahman, Secretary of ICEH, who actively encouraged students to establish environmental health student association as junior member of EHSA. Following one day seminar which were attended by IFEH delegates for 2012 AGM, the students had successfully established Environmental Health Student Association Indonesia (Envihsa Indonesia) with Budiyono Pati (FPH-UI) as first elected President.
IFEH, with President Peter Davey who has close relationship with Indonesian students, has great contribution to this outstanding achievement with thousands dollar grant. In the WEHD launching, students has also performed
Indonesia Environmental Health Specialist Association - EHSA